Habitat fragmentation can alter species distributions and lead to reduced diversity at multiple scales. Yet, the literature describing fragmentation effects on biodiversity patterns is contradictory, possibly because most studies fail to integrate spatial scale into experimental designs and statistical analyses. Thus, it is difficult to extrapolate the effects of fragmentation to large-scaled systems in which conservation management is of immediate importance.

%V 35 %P 529 - -544 %8 2020/02/01 %@ 1572-9761 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-019-00963-z %N 2 %! Landscape Ecology %0 Journal Article %J PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS %D 2014 %T Determining the rp-Process Flow through 56Ni: Resonances in 57Cu(p,g)58Zn Indentified with GRETINA %A C. Langer %A F. Montes %A A. Aprahamian %A D.W. Bardayan %A D. Bazin %A B. A. Brown %A J. Browne %A H. Crawford %A R. Cyburt %A C. Domingo-Pardo %A A. Gade %A S. George %A P. Hosmer %A L. Keek %A A. Kontos %A I.Y. Lee %A A. Lemasson %A E. Lunderberg %A Y. Maeda %A M. Matos %A Z. Meisel %A S. Noji %A F.M. Nunes %A A. Nystrom %A G. Perdikakis %A J. Pereira %A S.J. Quinn %A F. Recchia %A H. Schatz %A M. Scott %A K. Siegl %A A. Simon %A M. Smith %A A. Spyrou %A J. Stevens %A S.R. Stroberg %A D. Weisshaar %A J. Wheeler %A K. Wimmer %A R.G.T. Zegers %B PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS %V 113 %8 07/2014 %G eng %U http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.032502 %0 Journal Article %J PNAS %D 2014 %T Gill bacteria enable a novel digestive strategy in a wood-feeding mollusk %A Roberta M O'Connor %A Jennifer M Fung %A Koty H Sharp %A Jack S Benner %A Colleen McClung %A Shelley Cushing %A Elizabeth R Lamkin %A Alexey I Fomenkov %A Bernard Henrissat %A Yuri Y Londer %A Matthew B Scholz %A Janos Posfai %A Stephanie Malfatti %A Susannah G Tringe %A Tanja Woyke %A Rex R Malmstrom %A Devin Coleman-Derr %A Marvin A Altamia %A Sandra Dedrick %A Stefan T Kaluziak %A Margo G Haywood %A Daniel L Distel %B PNAS %V 111 %8 11/2014 %G eng %U http://www.pnas.org/content/111/47/E5096.full %N 47 %& E5096–E5104 %0 Journal Article %J THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL A %D 2014 %T High-resolution two-proton stripping to 2p-1h 7/2− states via the 59Co(3He,nγ)61Cu reaction %A P. Papka %A J.F. Sharpey-Schafer %A B. A. Brown %A T.S. Dinoko %A E.A.M.A Khaleel %A E.A. Lawrie %A J.J. Lawrie %A K.C.W. Li %A S.N.T. Majola %A W.A. Richter %A O. Shirinda %A M.A. Stankiewicz %A P. Vymers %A M. Wiedeking %B THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL A %V 50 %8 10/2014 %G eng %U https://people.nscl.msu.edu/~brown/brown-all-papers/541-2014-epja50.158.pdf %0 Journal Article %J PHYSICAL REVIEW C %D 2014 %T Shell and Shape Evolution at N=28: The 40Mg Ground State %A H.L. Crawford %A P. Fallon %A A.O. Macchiavelli %A R.M. Clark %A B. A. Brown %A J.A. Tostevin %A D. Bazin %A N. Aoi %A P. Doornenbal %A M. Matsushita %A H. Scheit %A D. Steppenbeck %A S. Takeuchi %A H. Baba %A C.M. Campbell %A M. Cromaz %A E. Ideguchi %A N. Kobayashi %A Y. Kondo %A G. Lee %A I.Y. Lee %A J. Lee %A K. Li %A S. Michimasa %A T. Motobayashi %A T. Nakamura %A S. Ota %A S. Paschalis %A M. Petri %A T. Sako %A H. Sakurai %A S. Shimoura %A M. Takechi %A Y. Togano %A H. Wang %A K. Yoneda %B PHYSICAL REVIEW C %V 80 %8 04/2014 %G eng %U http://journals.aps.org/prc/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevC.89.041303 %0 Journal Article %J Soil Biology and Biochemistry %D 2013 %T Intra-aggregate pore structures are related to total C distribution within soil macro-aggregates %A K. Ananyeva %A W. Wang %A A.J.M. Smucker %A M.L. Rivers %A A.N. Kravchenko %B Soil Biology and Biochemistry %V 57 %P 686-875 %G eng %0 Book %D 2013 %T Proceedings of the 21st International Meshing Roundtable: An h-r Moving Mesh Method for One-Dimensional Time-Dependent PDEs %A Benjamin Ong %A Russell, Robert %A Ruuth, Steven %E Jiao, Xiangmin %E Weill, Jean-Christophe %I Springer Berlin Heidelberg %C Berlin, Heidelberg %P 39 - 54 %@ 978-3-642-33573-0 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Applied Soil Ecology %D 2013 %T Relationships between intra-aggregate pore structures and distributions of Escherichia coli within soil macro-aggregates %A Kravchenko A. %A H.-C. Chun %A M. Mazer %A W. Wang %A J.B. Rose %A A. Smucker %A M. Rivers %B Applied Soil Ecology %V 63 %P 134-142 %G eng %0 Conference Paper %B Workshop on Computer Centered Human Vision %D 2013 %T Speeding up Scientific Imaging Workflows: Design of Automated Image Annotation Tool %A Dirk Colbry %A Dyer, Fred %A Dworkin, Ian %A Wang, Yang %A Wang, Lifeng %B Workshop on Computer Centered Human Vision %I IEEE %C Tampa, Florida %8 01/2013 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Annals of the Association of American Geographers %D 2012 %T Climate Change and Risk Projection: Dynamic Models of Tsetse and African Trypanosomiasis in Kenya %A Messina, Joseph %A Moore, Nathan %A DeVisser, Mark %A McCord, Paul %A Walker, Edward %B Annals of the Association of American Geographers %V 102 %G eng %N 5 %0 Journal Article %J Stochastic Environmental Research & Risk Assessment %D 2012 %T Evaluating DEM source and resolution uncertainties in the Soil and Water Assessment Tool %A Lin, Shengpan %A C. Jing %A N.A. Coles %A V. Chaplot %A Moore, Nathan %A Wu, Jiaping %B Stochastic Environmental Research & Risk Assessment %V 27 %G eng %N 1 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation %D 2012 %T Evaluation of estimating daily maximum and minimum air temperature with MODIS data in east Africa %A Lin, Shengpan %A Wu, Jiaping %A Moore, Nathan %A DeVisser, Mark %A Messina, Joseph %B Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation %V 14 %G eng %N 1 %0 Journal Article %J Soil Sci. Soc Am J. %D 2012 %T Intra-aggregate pore characteristics: X-ray computed microtomography analysis %A W. Wang %A A.N. Kravchenko %A A.J.M. Smucker %A M.L. Rivers %B Soil Sci. Soc Am J. %V 76 %P 1159-1171 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS %D 2012 %T Mass Measurements of the Neutron-Deficient 41Ti, 45Cr, 49Fe, and 53Ni Nuclides: ￼First Test of the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation in fp-Shell Nuclei %A Y.H. Zhang %A H.S. Xu %A Yu. A. Litvinov %A X.L. Tu %A X.L. Yan %A S. Typel %A K. Blaum %A M. Wang %A X.H. Zhou %A Y. Sun %A B. A. Brown %A Y.J. Yuan %A J.W. Xia %A J.C. Yang %A G. Audi %A X.C. Chen %A G.B. Jia %A Z.G. Hu %A X.W. Ma %A R.S. Mao %A B. Mei %A P. Shuai %A Z.Y. Sun %A S.T. Wang %A G.Q. Xiao %A X. Xu %A T. Yamaguchi %A Y. Yamaguchi %A Y.D. Zang %A H.W. Zhao %A T.C. Zhao %A W. Zhang %A W.L. Zhan %B PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS %V 109 %8 09/2012 %G eng %U http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.102501 %0 Journal Article %J IOP Science %D 2012 %T Physics of bandgap formation in Cu–Sb–Se based novel thermoelectrics: the role of Sb valency and Cu d levels %A Do, Dat %A Ozolins,Vidvuds %A S. D. Mahanti %A Lee,Mal-Soon %A Zhang,Yongsheng %A C Wolverton %B IOP Science %V 24 %8 September 2012 %G eng %U http://iopscience.iop.org.proxy1.cl.msu.edu/0953-8984/24/41/415502 %N 41 %9 Scientific Article %0 Journal Article %J Geoderma %D 2011 %T Comparison of image segmentation methods in simulated 2D and 3D microtomographic images of soil aggregates %A W. Wang %A A.N. Kravchenko %A A.J.M. Smucker %A M.L. Rivers %B Geoderma %V 162 %P 231-241 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Soil Sci. Soc Am J %D 2011 %T Long-term differences in tillage and land use affect intra-aggregate pore heterogeneity %A A.N. Kravchenko %A W. Wang %A A.J.M. Smucker %A M.L. Rivers %B Soil Sci. Soc Am J %V 75 %P 1658-1666 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J J. Chem. Phys. %D 2011 %T Nanoconfinement effects on the reversibility of hydrogen storage in ammonia borane: A first-principles study %A Chang, Kiseok %A Kim, Eunja %A Weck, Philippe F. %A David Tománek %B J. Chem. Phys. %V 134 %P 214501 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Science %D 2011 %T Second-order selection for evolvability in a large Escherichia coli population %A Woods, R. J. %A Barrick, J. E. %A T. F. Cooper %A U. Shrestha %A M. R. Kauth %A Lenski, R.E. %B Science %V 331 %P 1433-1436 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Science %D 2011 %T Second-order selection for evolvability in a large Escherichia coli population %A Woods, R. J. %A Barrick, E %A T. F. Cooper %A U. Shrestha %A M. R. Kauth %A Lenski, R.E. %B Science %V 331 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J ArXiv e-prints %D 2011 %T Signatures of minor mergers in Milky Way-like disc kinematics: Ringing revisited %A Gómez, F. A. %A Minchev, I. %A Villalobos, Á. %A O'Shea, B. W. %A Williams, M. E. K. %K Astrophysics - Galaxy Astrophysics %B ArXiv e-prints %G eng %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Climatology %D 2010 %T Adapting MODIS-derived LAI and fractional cover into the RAMS model for East Africa %A Moore, Nathan %A Torbick, Nathan %A Pijanowski, Bryan %A Lofrgren, Brent %A Wang, Jing %A Kim, Dong-Yun %A Andresen, Jeffrey %A Olson, Jennifer %B International Journal of Climatology %V 30 %G eng %N 13 %0 Conference Paper %B American Institute of Physics Conference Series %D 2010 %T Local and Global Radiative Feedback from Population III Star Formation %A O'Shea, B. W. %A Whalen, D. J. %E {D. J. Whalen, V. Bromm, %E N. Yoshida} %K Distances %K Population III stars %K Pre-main sequence objects %K protostellar clouds %K radial velocities %K radiative transfer %K redshift %K redshifts %K scattering %K spatial distribution of galaxies %K star formation %K young stellar objects and protostars %B American Institute of Physics Conference Series %S American Institute of Physics Conference Series %V 1294 %P 128-133 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Quantum Chemistry %D 2009 %T Left-Eigenstate Completely Renormalized Equation-of-motion Coupled-Cluster Methods: Review of Key Concepts, Extension to Excited States of Open-Shell Systems, and Comparison with Electron-Attached and ionized Approaches %A Piotr Piecuch %A J. R Gour %A M. Wloch %XThe recently proposed left-eigenstate completely renormalized (CR) coupled-cluster (CC) method with singles, doubles, and noniterative triples, termed CR-CC(2,3) Piecuch and Włoch, J Chem Phys, 2005, 123, 224105; Piecuch et al. Chem Phys Lett, 2006, 418, 467 and the companion CR-EOMCC(2,3) methodology, which has been previously applied to singlet excited states of closed-shell molecular systems Włoch et al. Mol Phys, 2006, 104, 2149 and in which relatively inexpensive noniterative corrections due to triple excitations derived from the biorthogonal method of moments of CC equations (MMCC) are added to the CC singles and doubles (CCSD) or equation-of-motion (EOM) CCSD energies, have been extended to excited states of open-shell species. The resulting highly efficient computer codes for the open-shell CR-EOMCC(2,3) approach exploiting the recursively generated intermediates and fast matrix multiplication routines have been developed and interfaced with the GAMESS package, enabling CR-EOMCC(2,3) calculations for singlet as well as nonsinglet ground and excited states of closed- and open-shell systems using the restricted Hartree–Fock or restricted open-shell Hartree–Fock references. A number of important mathematical and algorithmic details related to formal aspects and computer implementation of the CR-EOMCC(2,3) method have been discussed, in addition to overviewing the key concepts behind the CR-EOMCC(2,3) and biorthogonal MMCC methodologies for ground and excited states, and the numerical results involving low-lying states of the CH, CNC, C2N, N3, and NCO species, including states dominated by two-electron transitions, have been presented. The results of the CR-EOMCC(2,3) calculations have been compared with other CC/EOMCC approaches, including the EOMCCSD and EOMCC singles, doubles, and triples methods, and their full and active-space valence counterparts based on the electron-attached and ionized EOMCC methodologies, and the predecessor of CR-EOMCC(2,3) termed CR-EOMCCSD(T) Kowalski and Piecuch, J Chem Phys, 2004, 120, 1715. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2009

%B International Journal of Quantum Chemistry %V 109 %P 3268-3304 %8 11/2009 %G eng %N 14 %0 Journal Article %J PNAS %D 2009 %T Protecting the Amazon with Protected Areas %A Robert Walker %A Moore, Nathan %A Arima, Eugenio %A Perz, Stephen %A Simmons, Cynthia %A Caldas, Marcellus %A Vergara, Dante %A Bohrer, Claudio %B PNAS %V 106 %8 08/2009 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review Letters %D 2009 %T Survey of Excited State Neutron Spectroscopic Factors for Z=8-28 Nuclei %A M. B. Tsang %A Jenny Lee %A S. C. Su %A J. Y. Dai %A M. Horoi %A H. Liu %A W. G. Lynch %A S. Warren %XWe have extracted 565 neutron spectroscopic factors of sd and fp shell nuclei by systematically analyzing more than 2000 measured (d, p) angular distributions. We are able to compare 125 of the extracted spectroscopic factors to values predicted by large-basis shell-model calculations and evaluate the accuracies of spectroscopic factors predicted by different shell-model interactions in these regions. We find that the spectroscopic factors predicted for most excited states of sd-shell nuclei using the latest {USDA} or {USDB} interactions agree with the experimental values. For fp shell nuclei, the inability of the current models to account for the core excitation and fragmentation of the states leads to considerable discrepancies. In particular, the agreement between data and shell-model predictions for Ni isotopes is not better than a factor of 2 using either the {GXPF1A} or the {XT} interaction.

%B Physical Review Letters %V 102 %P 062501 %8 01/2009 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Theoretical Chemistry Accounts: Theory, Computation, and Modeling (THEORETICA CHIMICA ACTA) %D 2008 %T Application of Renormalized Coupled- Cluster Methods to Potential Function of Water %A J. Zheng %A J. R Gour %A J.J. Lutz %A M. Wloch %A Piotr Piecuch %A Truhlar, D.G. %XThe goal of this paper is to examine the performance of the conventional and renormalized single-reference coupled-cluster (CC) methods in calculations of the potential energy surface of the water molecule. A comparison with the results of the internally contracted multi-reference configuration interaction calculations including the quasi-degenerate Davidson correction (MRCI(Q)) and the spectroscopically accurate potential energy surface of water resulting from the use of the energy switching (ES) approach indicates that the relatively inexpensive completely renormalized (CR) CC methods with singles (S), doubles (D), and a non-iterative treatment of triples (T) or triples and quadruples (TQ), such as CR-CCSD(T), CR-CCSD(TQ), and the recently developed rigorously size extensive extension of CR-CCSD(T), termed CR-CC(2,3), provide substantial improvements in the results of conventional CCSD(T) and CCSD(TQ) calculations at larger internuclear separations. It is shown that the CR-CC(2,3) results corrected for the effect of quadruply excited clusters through the CR-CC(2,3)+Q approach can compete with the highly accurate MRCI(Q) data. The excellent agreement between the CR-CC(2,3)+Q and MRCI(Q) results suggests ways of improving the global potential energy surface of water resulting from the use of the ES approach in the regions of intermediate bond stretches and intermediate energies connecting the region of the global minimum with the asymptotic regions.

%B Theoretical Chemistry Accounts: Theory, Computation, and Modeling (THEORETICA CHIMICA ACTA) %V 120 %P 59-78 %G eng %N 1-3 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2008 %T A Comparative Assessment of the Perturbative and Renormalized Coupled Cluster Theories with a Non-iterative Treatment of Triple Excitations for Thermochemical Kinetics, Including a Study of Basis Set and Core Correlation E %A J. Zheng %A J. R Gour %A J.J. Lutz %A M. Wloch %A Piotr Piecuch %A Truhlar, D.G. %XThe CCSD, CCSD(T), and CR-CC(2,3) coupled cluster methods, combined with five triple-zeta basis sets, namely, MG3S, aug-cc-pVTZ, aug-cc-pV(T+d)Z, aug-cc-pCVTZ, and aug-cc-pCV(T+d)Z, are tested against the DBH24 database of diverse reaction barrier heights. The calculations confirm that the inclusion of connected triple excitations is essential to achieving high accuracy for thermochemical kinetics. They show that various noniterative ways of incorporating connected triple excitations in coupled cluster theory, including the CCSD(T) approach, the full CR-CC(2,3) method, and approximate variants of CR-CC(2,3) similar to the triples corrections of the CCSD(2) approaches, are all about equally accurate for describing the effects of connected triply excited clusters in studies of activation barriers. The effect of freezing core electrons on the results of the CCSD, CCSD(T), and CR-CC(2,3) calculations for barrier heights is also examined. It is demonstrated that to include core correlation most reliably, a basis set including functions that correlate the core and that can treat core-valence correlation is required. On the other hand, the frozen-core approximation using valence-optimized basis sets that lead to relatively small computational costs of CCSD(T) and CR-CC(2,3) calculations can achieve almost as high accuracy as the analogous fully correlated calculations.

%B The Journal of Chemical Physics %V 128 %8 01/2008 %G eng %N 4 %0 Journal Article %J \apj %D 2008 %T The Destruction of Cosmological Minihalos by Primordial Supernovae %A Whalen, D. J. %A van Veelen, B. %A O'Shea, B. W. %A Norman, M. L. %K Cosmology: Early Universe %K cosmology: theory %K hydrodynamics %K Stars: Early-Type %K Stars: Supernovae: Individual %B \apj %V 682 %P 49-67 %8 jul %G eng %0 Journal Article %J \apj %D 2008 %T How the First Stars Regulated Local Star Formation. I. Radiative Feedback %A Whalen, D. J. %A O'Shea, B. W. %A Smidt, J. %A Norman, M. L. %K Cosmology: Early Universe %K cosmology: theory %K ISM: H II Regions %B \apj %V 679 %P 925-941 %8 jun %G eng %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Physical Chemistry %D 2008 %T Stereoelectronic Effects on Molecular Geometries and State-Energy Splittings of Ligated Monocopper Diozygen Complexes %A C.J. Cramer %A J. R Gour %A A. Kinal %A M. Wloch %A Piotr Piecuch %A A.R.M. Shahi %A L. Gagliardi %XThe relative energies of side-on versus end-on binding of molecular oxygen to a supported Cu(I) species, and the singlet versus triplet nature of the ground electronic state, are sensitive to the nature of the supporting ligands and, in particular, depend upon their geometric arrangement relative to the O2 binding site. Highly correlated ab initio and density functional theory electronic structure calculations demonstrate that optimal overlap (and oxidative charge transfer) occurs for the side-on geometry, and this is promoted by ligands that raise the energy, thereby enhancing resonance, of the filled Cu dxz orbital that hybridizes with the in-plane π* orbital of O2. Conversely, ligands that raise the energy of the filled Cu dz2 orbital foster a preference for end-on binding as this is the only mode that permits good overlap with the in-plane O2 π*. Because the overlap of Cu dz2 with O2 π* is reduced as compared to the overlap of Cu dxz with the same O2 orbital, the resonance is also reduced, leading to generally more stable triplet states relative to singlets in the end-on geometry as compared to the side-on geometry, where singlet ground states become more easily accessible once ligands are stronger donors. Biradical Cu(II)-O2 superoxide character in the electronic structure of the supported complexes leads to significant challenges for accurate quantum chemical calculations that are best addressed by exploiting the spin-purified M06L local density functional, single-reference completely renormalized coupled-cluster theory, or multireference second-order perturbation theory, all of which provide predictions that are qualitatively and quantitatively consistent with one another.

%B The Journal of Physical Chemistry %V 112 %P 3754-3767 %8 03/2008 %G eng %N 16 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review Lettters %D 2007 %T Coupled-Cluster and Configuration-Interaction Calculations for Heavy Nuclei %A M. Horoi %A J. R Gour %A M. Wloch %A M.D. Lodriguito %A B. A. Brown %A Piotr Piecuch %XWe compare coupled-cluster (CC) and configuration-interaction (CI) results for 56Ni obtained in the pf-shell basis, focusing on practical CC approximations that can be applied to systems with dozens or hundreds of correlated fermions. The weight of the reference state and the strength of correlation effects are controlled by the gap between the f7/2 orbit and the f5/2, p3/2, p1/2 orbits. Independent of the gap, the CC method with 1p-1h and 2p-2h clusters and a noniterative treatment of 3p-3h clusters is as accurate as the more demanding CI approach truncated at the 4p-4h level.

%B Physical Review Lettters %V 98 %P 4 pages %8 03/2007 %G eng %N 11 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review C %D 2007 %T Coupled-Cluster Theory for Three-Body Hamiltonians %A G. Hagen %A T. Papenbrock %A D. J. Dean %A A. Schwenk %A A. NHogga %A M. Wloch %A Piotr Piecuch %XWe derive coupled-cluster equations for three-body Hamiltonians. The equations for the one- and two-body cluster amplitudes are presented in a factorized form that leads to an efficient numerical implementation. We employ low-momentum two- and three-nucleon interactions and calculate the binding energy of 4He. The results show that the main contribution of the three-nucleon interaction stems from its density-dependent zero-, one-, and two-body terms that result from the normal ordering of the Hamiltonian in coupled-cluster theory. The residual three-body terms that remain after normal ordering can be neglected.

%B Physical Review C %V 76 %P 11 pages %8 09/2007 %G eng %N 3 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %D 2007 %T Extension of the Renormalized Coupled-Cluster Methods Exploiting Left Eigenstates of the Similarity-Transformed Hamiltonian to Open- Shell Systems: A Benchmark Study %A M. Wloch %A J. R Gour %A Piotr Piecuch %XThe recently formulated completely renormalized coupled-cluster method with singles, doubles, and noniterative triples, exploiting the biorthogonal form of the method of moments of coupled-cluster equations (Piecuch, P.; Włoch, M. J. Chem. Phys. 2005, 123, 224105; Piecuch, P.; Włoch, M.; Gour, J. R.; Kinal, A. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2006, 418, 467), termed CR-CC(2,3), is extended to open-shell systems. Test calculations for bond breaking in the OH radical and the ion and singlet−triplet gaps in the CH2, HHeH, and (HFH)- biradical systems indicate that the CR-CC(2,3) approach employing the restricted open-shell Hartree−Fock (ROHF) reference is significantly more accurate than the widely used CCSD(T) method and other noniterative triples coupled-cluster approximations without making the calculations substantially more expensive. A few molecular examples, including the activation energies of the C2H4 + H → C2H5 forward and reverse reactions and the triplet states of the CH2 and H2Si2O2 biradicals, are used to show that the dependence of the ROHF-based CR-CC(2,3) energies on the method of canonicalization of the ROHF orbitals is, for all practical purposes, negligible.

%B The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %V 111 %P 11359-11382 %8 11/2007 %G eng %N 44 %0 Book Section %B Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics %D 2007 %T Renormalized Coupled-Cluster Methods: Theoretical Foundations and Application to Potential Function of Water %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A A.J.C. Verandas %XConventional single-reference methods fail when bond breaking and other situations characterized by larger non-dynamical correlation effects are examined. In consequence, the adequate treatment of molecular potential energy surfaces involving signiﬁcant bond rearrangements has been the domain of expert multi-reference methods. The question arises if one can develop practical single-reference procedures that could be applied to at least some of the most frequent multi-reference situations, such as single and double bond dissociations. This question is addressed in the present paper by examining the performance of the conventional and renormalized coupled-cluster (CC) methods in calculations of the potential enery surface of the water molecule. A comparison with the results of the highly accurate internally contracted multi-reference conﬁguration interaction calculations including the quasi-degenerate Davidson correction (MRCI(Q)) and the spectroscopically accurate potential energy surface of water resulting from the use of the energy switching (ES) approach indicates that the relatively inexpensive completely renormalized (CR) CC methods with singles (S), doubles (D), and a non-iterative treatment of triples (T) or triples and quadruples (TQ), such as CR-CCSD(T), CR-CCSD(TQ), and the recently developed rigorously size extensive extension of the CR-CCSD(T), termed CR-CC(2,3), provide considerable improvements in the results of conventional CCSD(T) and CCSD(TQ) calculations at larger internuclear separations. It is shown that the CR-CC(2,3) results a posteriori corrected for the effect of quadruply excited clusters (the CR-CC(2,3)+Q approach) can compete with the highly accurate MRCI(Q) data. The excellent agreement between the CR-CC(2,3)+Q and MRCI(Q) results suggests ways of improving the global potential energy surface of water resulting from the use of the ES approach in the regions of intermediate bond stretches and intermediate and higher energies connecting the region of the global minimum with the asymptotic regions. In addition to the examination of the performance of the CR-CCSD(T), CR-CCSD(TQ), CR-CC(2,3), and CR-CC(2,3)+Q approaches, we provide a thorough review of the method of moments of CC equations (MMCC), as applied to ground electronic states, including the most recent biorthogonal formulation of MMCC theory employing the left eigenstates of the similarity-transformed Hamiltonian, and other mathematical and physical concepts that lie behind all renormalized CC approximations. In particular, we discuss the similarities and differences between the older CR-CCSD(T) and CR-CCSD(TQ) approximations and the recently formulated size extensive renormalized CC methods, such as CR-CC(2,3), and open questions that emerge in the process of designing higher-order schemes based on the biorthogonalMMCC formalism, such as CR-CC(2,4), which describe the combined effect of triples (already present in CR-CC(2,3) calculations) and quadruples in a proper manner.

%B Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics %V 16 %P 63-121 %G eng %N Part 1 %0 Journal Article %J PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS %D 2007 %T Shape and Structure of N = Z 64Ge: Electromagnetic Transition Rates from the Application ￼of the Recoil Distance Method to a Knockout Reaction %A K. Starosta %A A. Dewald %A A. Dunomes %A P. Adrich %A A.M. Amthor %A T. Baumann %A D. Bazin %A M. Bowen %A B. A. Brown %A A. Chester %A A. Gade %A D. Galaviz %A T. Glasmacher %A T. Ginter %A M. Hausmann %A M. Horoi %A J. Jolie %A B. Melon %A D. Miller %A V. Moeller %A R.P. Norris %A T. Pissulla %A M. Portillo %A W. Rother %A Y. Shimbara %A A. Stolz %A C. Vaman %A P. Voss %A D. Weisshaar %A V. Zelevinsky %B PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS %V 99 %8 07/2007 %G eng %U http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.042503 %0 Journal Article %J Geophysical Research Letters %D 2007 %T Uncertainty and the changing hydroclimatology of the Amazon %A Moore, Nathan %A Robert Walker %A Arima, Eugenio %A Ramos da Silva, Renato %B Geophysical Research Letters %V 34 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J European Physics Journal A %D 2006 %T Ab Initio Coupled-Cluster Calculations for Nuclei Using Methods of Quantum Chemistry %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A T. Papenbrock %A K. Kowalski %XWe report preliminary large scale ab initio calculations of ground and excited states of 16O using quantum chemistry inspired coupled cluster methods and realistic two-body interactions. By using the renormalized Hamiltonians obtained with a no-core G-matrix approach, we obtain the virtually converged results at the level of two-body interactions. Due to the polynomial scaling with the system size that characterizes coupled cluster methods, we can probe large model spaces with up to seven major oscillator shells, for which standard non-truncated shell-model calculations are not possible.

%B European Physics Journal A %V 25 %P 485-488 %8 09/2005 %G eng %N 1 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Quantum Chemistry %D 2006 %T Automated derivation and parallel computer implementation of renormalized and active-space coupled-cluster methods %A Piotr Piecuch %A So Hirata %A K. Kowalski %A P.-D. Fan %A Theresa L. Windus %XOur recent efforts that have led to an automated derivation and computer implementation of the renormalized and active-space coupled-cluster {(CC)} methods with Tensor Contraction Engine {(TCE)} are summarized. The {TCE-generated} renormalized and active-space {CC} computer codes are parallel and applicable to closed- and open-shell references, enabling accurate calculations of potential energy surfaces along bond-breaking coordinates and excited states displaying a significant multi-reference character. The effectiveness of the new codes in describing electronic quasi-degeneracies is illustrated by the renormalized {CC} calculations of the potential energy curve of {HCl} and the active-space {CC} calculations for the low-lying excited states of the Be3 system. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2006

%B International Journal of Quantum Chemistry %V 106 %P 79–97 %8 08/2005 %G eng %N 1 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Modern Physics B %D 2006 %T Coupled Cluster Theory for Nuclei %A T. Papenbrock %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A G. Hagen %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A M. Wloch %K Nuclear structure; light nuclei; coupled-cluster theory %XThis presentation focuses on some of the recent developments in low-energy nuclear structure theory, with emphasis on applications of coupled-cluster theory. We report on results for ground and excited states in 4He and 16O, and about extensions of coupled-cluster theory to treat three-body forces.

%B International Journal of Modern Physics B %V 20 %P 5338-5345 %G eng %N 30-31 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review C %D 2006 %T Coupled-Cluster Calculations for Valence Systems around 16 O %A Piotr Piecuch %A J. R Gour %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A M. Wloch %A D. J. Dean %XWe study the ground and low-lying excited states of 15O, 17O, 15N, and 17F using modern two-body nucleon-nucleon interactions and the suitably designed variants of the ab initio equation-of-motion coupled-cluster theory aimed at an accurate description of systems with valence particles and holes. A number of properties of 15O, 17O, 15N, and 17F, including ways the energies of ground and excited states of valence systems around 16O change as functions of the number of nucleons, are correctly reproduced by the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster calculations performed in up to eight major-oscillator shells. Certain disagreements with experiment are in part because of the degrees of freedom such as three-body interactions not accounted for in our effective two-body Hamiltonians. In particular, the calculated binding energies of 15O/15N and 17O/17F enable us to rationalize the discrepancy between the experimental and recently published [Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 212501 (2005)] equation-of-motion coupled-cluster excitation energies for the Jπ=3- state of 16O. Our calculations demonstrate the feasibility of the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster methods to deal with valence systems around closed-shell nuclei and to provide results for systems beyond A=16.

%B Physical Review C %V 74 %P 18 pages %8 8/2006 %G eng %N 2 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review C %D 2006 %T Coupled-cluster calculations for valence systems around O16 %A J. R Gour %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A M. Wloch %A D. J. Dean %XWe study the ground and low-lying excited states of {15O,} {17O,} {15N,} and {17F} using modern two-body nucleon-nucleon interactions and the suitably designed variants of the ab initio equation-of-motion coupled-cluster theory aimed at an accurate description of systems with valence particles and holes. A number of properties of {15O,} {17O,} {15N,} and {17F,} including ways the energies of ground and excited states of valence systems around {16O} change as functions of the number of nucleons, are correctly reproduced by the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster calculations performed in up to eight major-oscillator shells. Certain disagreements with experiment are in part because of the degrees of freedom such as three-body interactions not accounted for in our effective two-body Hamiltonians. In particular, the calculated binding energies of {15O/15N} and {17O/17F} enable us to rationalize the discrepancy between the experimental and recently published {[Phys.} Rev. Lett. 94, 212501 (2005)] equation-of-motion coupled-cluster excitation energies for the Jπ=3- state of {16O.} Our calculations demonstrate the feasibility of the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster methods to deal with valence systems around closed-shell nuclei and to provide results for systems beyond A=16.

%B Physical Review C %V 74 %P 024310 %8 08/2006 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %D 2006 %T Experimental and Theoretical UV Characterizations of Acetyloacetone and its Isomers %A Piotr Piecuch %A S. Coussan %A Y. Ferro %A A. Trivella %A P. Roubin %A R. Wieczorek %A C. Manca %A K. Kowalski %A M. Wloch %A S. Kucharski %A M. Musial %XCryogenic matrix isolation experiments have allowed the measurement of the UV absorption spectra of the high-energy non-chelated isomers of acetylacetone, these isomers being produced by UV irradiation of the stable chelated form. Their identification has been done by coupling selective UV-induced isomerization, infrared spectroscopy, and harmonic vibrational frequency calculations using density functional theory. The relative energies of the chelated and non-chelated forms of acetylacetone in the S0 state have been obtained using density functional theory and coupled-cluster methods. For each isomer of acetylacetone, we have calculated the UV transition energies and dipole oscillator strengths using the excited-state coupled-cluster methods, including EOMCCSD (equation-of-motion coupled-cluster method with singles and doubles) and CR-EOMCCSD(T) (the completely renormalized EOMCC approach with singles, doubles, and non-iterative triples). For dipole-allowed transition energies, there is a very good agreement between experiment and theory. In particular, the CR-EOMCCSD(T) approach explains the blue shift in the electronic spectrum due to the formation of the non-chelated species after the UV irradiation of the chelated form of acetylacetone. Both experiment and CR-EOMCCSD(T) theory identify two among the seven non-chelated forms to be characterized by red-shifted UV transitions relative to the remaining five non-chelated isomers.

%B The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %V 110 %P 3920-3926 %8 2/2006 %G eng %N 11 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Quantum Chemistry %D 2006 %T Extension of the Active-Space Equation-of- Motion Coupled-Cluster Methods to Radical Systems: The EA-EOMCCSDt and IPEOMCCSDt Approaches %A Piotr Piecuch %A J. R Gour %A M. Wloch %K oupled-cluster theory;equation-of-a motion coupled-cluster method;active-space coupled-cluster approaches;electronic-attached and ionized states;radicals %XThe development of the active-space variants of the electron-attached (EA) and ionized (IP) equation-of-motion coupled-cluster (EOMCC) methods, in which higher-than-doubly excited components of the cluster operator T and higher than 2p-1h or 2h-1p components of the electron attaching and ionizing operators R are defined through the use of active orbitals, is discussed. As shown by preliminary test calculations of adiabatic excitation energies and potential energy curves for the low-lying states of the CH and OH radicals, the basic active-space EA-EOMCC and IP-EOMCC methods, referred to as the EA-EOMCCSDt and IP-EOMCCSDt approaches, are capable of accuratelydescribing the ground and excited states of open-shell systems, even at the moderately stretched nuclear geometries and even for states with a strong multi-determinantal or doubly excited character, at the low costs that are on the order of those characterizing the standard EOMCC singles and doubles method.

%B International Journal of Quantum Chemistry %V 106 %P 2854-2874 %8 7/2006 %G eng %N 14 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review C %D 2006 %T Half-life and spin of 60Mng %A S. N. Liddick %A P. F. Mantica %A B. A. Brown %A M. P. Carpenter %A A. D. Davies %A M. Horoi %A R. V. F. Janssens %A A. C. Morton %A W. F. Mueller %A J. Pavan %A H. Schatz %A A. Stolz %A S. L. Tabor %A B. E. Tomlin %A M. Wiedeking %XA value of 0.28±0.02 s has been deduced for the half-life of the ground state of {60Mn,} in sharp contrast to the previously adopted value of 51±6 s. Access to the low-spin {60Mn} ground state was accomplished via β decay of the 0+ {60Cr} parent nuclide. New low-energy states in {60Mn} have been identified from β-delayed γ-ray spectroscopy. The new, shorter half-life of {60Mng} is not suggestive of isospin-forbidden β decay, and new spin and parity assignments of 1+ and 4+ have been adopted for the ground and isomeric β-decaying states, respectively, of {60Mn.}

%B Physical Review C %V 73 %P 044322 %8 04/2006 %G eng %N 4 %0 Journal Article %J PHYSICAL REVIEW C %D 2006 %T Half-life and spin of 60Mng %A S. N. Liddick %A P. F. Mantica %A B. A. Brown %A M. P. Carpenter %A A. D. Davies %A M. Horoi %A R. V. F. Janssens %A A. C. Morton %A W. F. Mueller %A J. Pavan %A H. Schatz %A A. Stolz %A S. L. Tabor %A B. E. Tomlin %A M. Wiedeking %B PHYSICAL REVIEW C %V 73 %8 04/2006 %G eng %U http://journals.aps.org/prc/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevC.73.044322 %N 4 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM %D 2006 %T Non-Iterative Coupled- Cluster Methods Employing Multi-Reference Perturbation Theory Wave Functions %A Piotr Piecuch %A M.D. Lodriguito %A K. Kowalski %A M. Wloch %K Coupled-cluster theory; Equation-of-motion coupled-cluster methods; Method of moments of coupled-cluster equations; Multi-reference perturbation theory; Non-iterative coupled-cluster methods %XA new class of non-iterative coupled-cluster (CC) methods, which improve the results of standard CC and equation-of-motion (EOM) CC calculations for ground and excited-state potential energy surfaces along bond breaking coordinates and for excited states dominated by two-electron transitions, is explored. The proposed approaches combine the method of moments of coupled-cluster equations (MMCC), in which the a posteriori corrections due to higher-order correlations are added to standard CC/EOMCC energies, with the multi-reference many-body perturbation theory (MRMBPT), which provides information about the most essential non-dynamic and dynamic correlation effects that are relevant to electronic quasi-degeneracies. The performance of the basic MRMBPT-corrected MMCC approximation, in which inexpensive non-iterative corrections due to triple excitations are added to ground- and excited-state energies obtained with the CC/EOMCC singles and doubles approach, is illustrated by the results of a few test calculations, including bond breaking in HF and H2O, and excited states of CH+.

%B Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM %V 771 %P 89-104 %8 10/2006 %G eng %N 1-3 %0 Book Section %B Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics %D 2006 %T Non-iterative Coupled-Cluster Methods for Excited Electronic States %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A M. Lodriguito %A J. R Gour %B Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics %V 15 %P 45-106 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Chemical Physics Letters %D 2006 %T Single-reference, size-extensive, non-iterative coupled-cluster approaches to bond breaking and biradicals %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A J. R Gour %A A. Kinal %XWe propose the non-iterative, completely renormalized (CR) coupled-cluster (CC) approaches, including the CR-CC(2, 3) method which offers considerable improvements over the CCSD(T) approach without a significant increase in the computer effort. The CR-CC(2, 3) method, in which the CCSD (CC singles and doubles) energy is corrected for the effect of triples, is size extensive, competitive with CCSD(T) in calculations for non-degenerate states, and as accurate as the expensive CC approach with singles, doubles, and triples in the bond-breaking region. Calculations of the activation enthalpy for the thermal isomerizations of cyclopropane involving trimethylene suggest that CR-CC(2, 3) may be applicable to biradicals.

%B Chemical Physics Letters %V 418 %P 467–474 %8 02/2006 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %D 2006 %T Theoretical Characterization of End-on and Side-on Peroxide Coordination in Ligated Cu2O2 Models %A C.J. Cramer %A A. Kinal %A M. Wloch %A Piotr Piecuch %A L. Gagliardi %XThe relative energetics of μ-η1:η1 (trans end-on) and μ-η2:η2 (side-on) peroxo isomers of Cu2O2 fragments supported by 0, 2, 4, and 6 ammonia ligands have been computed with various density functional, coupled-cluster, and multiconfigurational protocols. There is substantial disagreement between the different levels for most cases, although completely renormalized coupled-cluster methods appear to offer the most reliable predictions. The significant biradical character of the end-on peroxo isomer proves problematic for the density functionals, while the demands on active space size and the need to account for interactions between different states in second-order perturbation theory prove challenging for the multireference treatments. In the latter case, it proved impossible to achieve any convincing convergence.

%B The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %V 110 %P 11557-11568 %8 09/15/2006 %G eng %N 40 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %D 2006 %T Theoretical Models on the Cu2O2 Torture Track. Mechanistic Implications for Oxytyrosinase and Small-molecule Analogs %A C.J. Cramer %A M. Wloch %A Piotr Piecuch %A Cristina Puzzarini %A L. Gagliardi %XAccurately describing the relative energetics of alternative bis(mu-oxo) and mu-eta2:eta2 peroxo isomers of Cu2O2 cores supported by 0, 2, 4, and 6 ammonia ligands is remarkably challenging for a wide variety of theoretical models, primarily owing to the difficulty of maintaining a balanced description of rapidly changing dynamical and nondynamical electron correlation effects and a varying degree of biradical character along the isomerization coordinate. The completely renormalized coupled-cluster level of theory including triple excitations and extremely efficient pure density functional levels of theory quantitatively agree with one another and also agree qualitatively with experimental results for Cu2O2 cores supported by analogous but larger ligands. Standard coupled-cluster methods, such as CCSD(T), are in most cases considerably less accurate and exhibit poor convergence in predicted relative energies. Hybrid density functionals significantly underestimate the stability of the bis(mu-oxo) form, with the magnitude of the error being directly proportional to the percentage Hartree-Fock exchange in the functional. Single-root CASPT2 multireference second-order perturbation theory, by contrast, significantly overestimates the stability of bis(mu-oxo) isomers. Implications of these results for modeling the mechanism of C-H bond activation by supported Cu2O2 cores, like that found in the active site of oxytyrosinase, are discussed.

%B The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %V 110 %P 1991–2004 %8 06/2007 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Molecular Physics %D 2006 %T Two New Classes of Non-Iterative Coupled-Cluster Methods Derived from the Method of Moments of Coupled-Cluster Equations %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A M.D. Logriguito %A J. R Gour %B Molecular Physics %V 104 %P 2149-2172 %8 7/2006 %G eng %N 13 & 14 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review Letters %D 2005 %T Ab Initio Coupled-Cluster Study of 16O %A M. Włoch %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A K. Kowalski %A T. Papenbrock %A P. Piecuch %XWe report converged results for the ground and excited states and matter density of 16O using realistic two-body nucleon-nucleon interactions and coupled-cluster methods and algorithms developed in quantum chemistry. Most of the binding is obtained with the coupled-cluster singles and doubles approach. Additional binding due to three-body clusters (triples) is minimal. The coupled-cluster method with singles and doubles provides a good description of the matter density, charge radius, charge form factor, and excited states of a one-particle, one-hole nature, but it cannot describe the first-excited 0+ state. Incorporation of triples has no effect on the latter finding.

%B Physical Review Letters %V 94 %P 212501 %8 06/2005 %G eng %N 21 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review Letters %D 2005 %T Ab Initio Coupled-Cluster Study of O %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A K. Kowalski %A T. Papenbrock %XWe report converged results for the ground and excited states and matter density of 16O using realistic two-body nucleon-nucleon interactions and coupled-cluster methods and algorithms developed in quantum chemistry. Most of the binding is obtained with the coupled-cluster singles and doubles approach. Additional binding due to three-body clusters (triples) is minimal. The coupled-cluster method with singles and doubles provides a good description of the matter density, charge radius, charge form factor, and excited states of a one-particle, one-hole nature, but it cannot describe the first-excited 0+ state. Incorporation of triples has no effect on the latter finding.

%B Physical Review Letters %V 94 %8 06/2005 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2005 %T Active-Space Coupled-Cluster Study of Electronic States of Be 3 %A Piotr Piecuch %A K. Kowalski %A S. Hirata %A M. Wloch %A T.L. Windus %XThe active-space coupled-cluster (CC) and equation-of-motion (EOM) CC methods with all single and double excitations with triple excitations defined via active orbitals (CCSDt, EOMCCSDt), as implemented with TENSOR CONTRACTION ENGINE, are applied to the challenging Be3 system, which is characterized by a large number of low-lying excited states dominated by two-electron transitions and significant high-order correlation effects in the ground electronic state. It is demonstrated that the CCSDt and EOMCCSDt methods provide an excellent description of complicated electronic quasidegeneracies present in the Be3 cluster. Different strategies for defining triple excitations within the CCSDt∕EOMCCSDt approach are discussed.

%B The Journal of Chemical Physics %V 123 %P 6 pages %8 08/2005 %G eng %N 7 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2005 %T Active-Space Equation-of=Motion Coupled-Cluster Methods for Excited States of Radicals and Other Open-Shell Systems: EA-EOMCCSDt and IP-EOMCCSDt %A Piotr Piecuch %A J. R Gour %A M. Wloch %B Journal of Chemical Physics %V 123 %P 14 pages %8 10/2005 %G eng %N 13 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2005 %T Active-space equation-of-motion coupled-cluster methods for excited states of radicals and other open-shell systems: {EA-EOMCCSDt} and {IP-EOMCCSDt} %A Jeffrey R. Gour %A Piotr Piecuch %A Marta Wloch %K coupled cluster calculations %K free radicals %K molecular electronic states %XThe previously developed active-space coupled-cluster (CC) and equation-of-motion (EOM) CC methods are extended to radicals and other open-shell systems by combining them with the electron attached (EA) and ionized (IP) EOMCC approaches. As illustrated by the calculations for the CH and OH radicals, the resulting EA-EOMCCSDt and IP-EOMCCSDt theories are capable of providing a highly accurate description of the electronic spectra of radical systems, including excited states displaying a manifestly multideterminantal nature, with the low costs that are not much greater that those characterizing the standard EOMCC singles and doubles method.

%B The Journal of Chemical Physics %V 123 %P 134113–14 %G eng %N 13 %0 Conference Proceedings %B American Institute of Physics %D 2005 %T Bridging Quantum Chemistry and Nuclear Structure Theory: Coupled-Cluster Calculations for Closed- and Open-Shell Nuclei %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A J. R Gour %A D. J. Dean %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A T. Papenbrock %XWe review basic elements of the single-reference coupled-cluster theory and discuss large scale ab initio calculations of ground and excited states of 15O, 16O, and 17O using coupled-cluster methods and algorithms developed in quantum chemistry. By using realistic two-body interactions and the renormalized form of the Hamiltonian obtained with a no-core G-matrix approach, we obtain the converged results for 16O and promising preliminary results for 15O and 17O at the level of two-body interactions. The calculated properties other than energies include matter density, charge radius, and charge form factor. The relatively low costs of coupled-cluster calculations, which are characterized by the low-order polynomial scaling with the system size, enable us to probe large model spaces with up to 7 or 8 major oscillator shells, for which non-truncated shell-model calculations for nuclei with A = 15 17 active particles are presently not possible. We argue that the use of coupled-cluster methods and computer algorithms developed by quantum chemists to calculate properties of nuclei is an important step toward the development of accurate and affordable many-body theories that cross the boundaries of various physical sciences. ©2005 American Institute of Physics

%B American Institute of Physics %S NUCLEI AND MESOSCOPIC PHYSICS: Workshop on Nuclei and Mesoscopic Physics: WNMP 2004 %I American Institute of Physics %C Melville, NY %V 777 %P 28-45 %8 7/2005 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2005 %T Comparison of Low-Order Multireference Many-Body Perturbation Theories %A Piotr Piecuch %A R.K. Chaudhuri %A K.F. Freed %A G. Hose %A K. Kowalski %A M. Wloch %A S. Chattopadhyay %A D. Mukherjee %A R. Rolik %A A. Szabados %A G. Toth %A P.R. Surjan %XTests have been made to benchmark and assess the relative accuracies of low-order multireference perturbation theories as compared to coupled cluster (CC) and full configuration interaction (FCI) methods. Test calculations include the ground and some excited states of the Be, H(2), BeH(2), CH(2), and SiH(2) systems. Comparisons with FCI and CC calculations show that in most cases the effective valence shell Hamiltonian (H(v)) method is more accurate than other low-order multireference perturbation theories, although none of the perturbative methods is as accurate as the CC approximations. We also briefly discuss some of the basic differences among the multireference perturbation theories considered in this work.

%B Journal of Chemical Physics %V 122 %P 9 pages %8 04/01/2005 %G eng %N 13 %0 Conference Proceedings %B Key Topics in Nuclear Structure, Proceedings of the 8th International Spring Seminar on Nuclear Physics %D 2005 %T Coupled Cluster Approaches to Nuclei, Ground States and Excited States %A Piotr Piecuch %A D. J. Dean %A M. Jhorth-Jensen %A K. Kowalski %A T. Papenbrock %A M. Wloch %XWe present recent coupled-cluster studies of nuclei, with an emphasis on ground state and excited states of closed shell nuclei. Perspectives for future studies are delineated.

%B Key Topics in Nuclear Structure, Proceedings of the 8th International Spring Seminar on Nuclear Physics %C Paestum, Italy %8 2005 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2005 %T Extension of Renormalized Coupled-Cluster Methods Including Triple Excitations to Electronic States of Open-Shell Molecules %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A J. R Gour %A K. Kowalski %XThe general-purpose open-shell implementation of the completely renormalized equation-of-motion coupled-cluster approach with singles, doubles, and noniterative triples [CR-EOMCCSD(T)] is reported. Benchmark calculations for the low-lying doublet and quartet states of the CH radical show that the CR-EOMCCSD(T) method is capable of providing a highly accurate description of ground and excited states of open-shell molecules. This includes states with strong double excitation character, for which the conventional EOMCCSD approach fails.

%B The Journal of Chemical Physics %V 122 %8 06/2005 %G eng %N 21 %0 Journal Article %J Nuclear Physics A %D 2005 %T Nuclear Structure Calculations with Coupled-Cluster Methods from Quantum Chemistry %A Piotr Piecuch %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A G. Hagen %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A K. Kowalski %A T. Papenbrock %A M. Wloch %XWe present several coupled-cluster calculations of ground and excited states of 4He and 16O employing methods from quantum chemistry. A comparison of coupled cluster results with the results of exact diagonalization of the hamiltonian in the same model space and other truncated shell-model calculations shows that the quantum chemistry inspired coupled cluster approximations provide an excellent description of ground and excited states of nuclei, with much less computational effort than traditional large-scale shell-model approaches. Unless truncations are made, for nuclei like 16O, full-fledged shell-model calculations with four or more major shells are not possible. However, these and even larger systems can be studied with the coupled cluster methods due to the polynomial rather than factorial scaling inherent in standard shell-model studies. This makes the coupled cluster approaches, developed in quantum chemistry, viable methods for describing weakly bound systems of interest for future nuclear facilities.

%B Nuclear Physics A %V 752 %P 299-308 %8 04/2005 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2005 %T Renormalized coupled-cluster methods exploiting left eigenstates of the similarity-transformed Hamiltonian %A Piotr Piecuch %A Marta Wloch %K bonds (chemical) %K configuration interactions %K coupled cluster calculations %K enthalpy %K excited states %K fluorine %K ground states %K heat of reaction %K hydrogen compounds %K isomerisation %K method of moments %K organic compounds %K reaction kinetics theory %K water %XCompletely renormalized (CR) coupled-cluster (CC) approaches, such as CR-CCSD(T), in which one corrects the standard CC singles and doubles (CCSD) energy for the effects of triply (T) and other higher-than-doubly excited clusters [ K. Kowalski and P. Piecuch, J. Chem. Phys. 113, 18 (2000) ], are reformulated in terms of the left eigenstates 〈Φ∣L of the similarity-transformed Hamiltonian of CC theory. The resulting CR-CCSD(T)L or CR-CC(2,3) and other CR-CCL methods are derived from the new biorthogonal form of the method of moments of CC equations (MMCC) in which, in analogy to the original MMCC theory, one focuses on the noniterative corrections to standard CC energies that recover the exact, full configuration-interaction energies. One of the advantages of the biorthogonal MMCC theory, which will be further analyzed and extended to excited states in a separate paper, is a rigorous size extensivity of the basic ground-state CR-CCL approximations that result from it, which was slightly violated by the original CR-CCSD(T) and CR-CCSD(TQ) approaches. This includes the CR-CCSD(T)L or CR-CC(2,3) method discussed in this paper, in which one corrects the CCSD energy by the relatively inexpensive noniterative correction due to triples. Test calculations for bond breaking in HF, F2, and H2O indicate that the noniterative CR-CCSD(T)L or CR-CC(2,3) approximation is very competitive with the standard CCSD(T) theory for nondegenerate closed-shell states, while being practically as accurate as the full CC approach with singles, doubles, and triples in the bond-breaking region. Calculations of the activation enthalpy for the thermal isomerizations of cyclopropane involving the trimethylene biradical as a transition state show that the noniterative CR-CCSD(T)L approximation is capable of providing activation enthalpies which perfectly agree with experiment.

%B The Journal of Chemical Physics %V 123 %P 224105–10 %8 12/2005 %G eng %N 22