The 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of ozone to ethyne and ethene provide extreme examples of multireference singlet-state chemistry, and they are examined here to test the applicability of several approaches to thermochemical kinetics of systems with large static correlation. Four different multireference diagnostics are applied to measure the multireference characters of the reactants, products, and transition states; all diagnostics indicate significant multireference character in the reactant portion of the potential energy surfaces. We make a more complete estimation of the effect of quadruple excitations than was previously available, and we use this with CCSDT/CBS estimation of Wheeler et al. (Wheeler, S. E.; Ess, D. H.; Houk, K. N. J. Phys. Chem. A 2008, 112, 1798.) to make new best estimates of the van der Waals association energy, the barrier height, and the reaction energy to form the cycloadduct for both reactions. Comparing with these best estimates, we present comprehensive mean unsigned errors for a variety of coupled cluster, multilevel, and density functional methods. Several computational aspects of multireference reactions are considered: (i) the applicability of multilevel theory, (ii) the convergence of coupled cluster theory for reaction barrier heights, (iii) the applicability of completely renormalized coupled cluster methods to multireference systems, (iv) the treatment by density functional theory, (v) the multireference perturbation theory for multireference reactions, and (vi) the relative accuracy of scaling-type multilevel methods as compared with additive ones. It is found that scaling-type multilevel methods do not perform better than the additive-type multilevel methods. Among the 48 tested density functionals, only M05 reproduces the best estimates within their uncertainty. Multireference perturbation theory based on the complete-active-space reference wave functions constructed using a small number of reaction-specific active orbitals gives accurate forward barrier heights; however, it significantly underestimates reaction energies.

1 aPiecuch, Piotr1 aZhao, Y.1 aTruhlar, D.G. uhttps://icer.msu.edu/research/publications/thermochemical-kinetics-multi-reference-systems-addition-reactions-ozone02100nas a2200181 4500008004100000245008800041210006900129300001000198490000800208520148500216100001401701700001601715700001501731700001401746700001901760700001801779856012101797 2008 eng d00aApplication of Renormalized Coupled- Cluster Methods to Potential Function of Water0 aApplication of Renormalized Coupled Cluster Methods to Potential a59-780 v1203 aThe goal of this paper is to examine the performance of the conventional and renormalized single-reference coupled-cluster (CC) methods in calculations of the potential energy surface of the water molecule. A comparison with the results of the internally contracted multi-reference configuration interaction calculations including the quasi-degenerate Davidson correction (MRCI(Q)) and the spectroscopically accurate potential energy surface of water resulting from the use of the energy switching (ES) approach indicates that the relatively inexpensive completely renormalized (CR) CC methods with singles (S), doubles (D), and a non-iterative treatment of triples (T) or triples and quadruples (TQ), such as CR-CCSD(T), CR-CCSD(TQ), and the recently developed rigorously size extensive extension of CR-CCSD(T), termed CR-CC(2,3), provide substantial improvements in the results of conventional CCSD(T) and CCSD(TQ) calculations at larger internuclear separations. It is shown that the CR-CC(2,3) results corrected for the effect of quadruply excited clusters through the CR-CC(2,3)+Q approach can compete with the highly accurate MRCI(Q) data. The excellent agreement between the CR-CC(2,3)+Q and MRCI(Q) results suggests ways of improving the global potential energy surface of water resulting from the use of the ES approach in the regions of intermediate bond stretches and intermediate energies connecting the region of the global minimum with the asymptotic regions.

1 aZheng, J.1 aGour, J., R1 aLutz, J.J.1 aWloch, M.1 aPiecuch, Piotr1 aTruhlar, D.G. uhttps://icer.msu.edu/research/publications/application-renormalized-coupled-cluster-methods-potential-function-water02156nas a2200181 4500008004100000245022700041210006900268260001200337490000800349520139600357100001401753700001601767700001501783700001401798700001901812700001801831856012501849 2008 eng d00aA Comparative Assessment of the Perturbative and Renormalized Coupled Cluster Theories with a Non-iterative Treatment of Triple Excitations for Thermochemical Kinetics, Including a Study of Basis Set and Core Correlation E0 aComparative Assessment of the Perturbative and Renormalized Coup c01/20080 v1283 aThe CCSD, CCSD(T), and CR-CC(2,3) coupled cluster methods, combined with five triple-zeta basis sets, namely, MG3S, aug-cc-pVTZ, aug-cc-pV(T+d)Z, aug-cc-pCVTZ, and aug-cc-pCV(T+d)Z, are tested against the DBH24 database of diverse reaction barrier heights. The calculations confirm that the inclusion of connected triple excitations is essential to achieving high accuracy for thermochemical kinetics. They show that various noniterative ways of incorporating connected triple excitations in coupled cluster theory, including the CCSD(T) approach, the full CR-CC(2,3) method, and approximate variants of CR-CC(2,3) similar to the triples corrections of the CCSD(2) approaches, are all about equally accurate for describing the effects of connected triply excited clusters in studies of activation barriers. The effect of freezing core electrons on the results of the CCSD, CCSD(T), and CR-CC(2,3) calculations for barrier heights is also examined. It is demonstrated that to include core correlation most reliably, a basis set including functions that correlate the core and that can treat core-valence correlation is required. On the other hand, the frozen-core approximation using valence-optimized basis sets that lead to relatively small computational costs of CCSD(T) and CR-CC(2,3) calculations can achieve almost as high accuracy as the analogous fully correlated calculations.

1 aZheng, J.1 aGour, J., R1 aLutz, J.J.1 aWloch, M.1 aPiecuch, Piotr1 aTruhlar, D.G. uhttps://icer.msu.edu/research/publications/comparative-assessment-perturbative-renormalized-coupled-cluster-theories-non01552nas a2200169 4500008004100000245026000041210006900301260001200370300001600382490000800398520078000406100001901186700001501205700001801220700002301238856012101261 2005 eng d00aCan a Single-Reference Approach Provide a Balanced Description of Ground and Excited States? A Comparison of the Completely Renormalized Equation-of-the-Motion Coupled-Cluster Method with Multi-Reference Quasi-Degenerate Perturbation Theory Near a Conical0 aCan a SingleReference Approach Provide a Balanced Description of c11/2005 a11643-116460 v1093 aWe calculated the two lowest electronically adiabatic potential energy surfaces of ammonia in the region of the conical intersection and at a sequence of geometries along which one of the N-H bonds is broken. We employed both a multireference (MR) method and a single-reference (SR) method. The MR calculations are based on multiconfiguration quasidegenerate perturbation theory (MC-QDPT) with a 6-311+G(3df,3pd) basis set. The SR calculations, carried out with the same basis, employ the completely renormalized equation-ofmotion coupled-cluster method with singles and doubles, and a noniterative treatment of triples, denoted CR-EOMCCSD(T). At 91 geometries used for comparison, including geometries near a conical intersection, the surfaces agree to 7% on average.

1 aPiecuch, Piotr1 aNangia, S.1 aTruhlar, D.G.1 aMcGuire}, M., J. { uhttps://icer.msu.edu/research/publications/can-single-reference-approach-provide-balanced-description-ground-excited