Active-Space Symmetry-Adapted-Cluster Configuration-Interaction and Equation-of-Motion Cluster Methods for High Accuracy Calculations of Potential Energy Surfaces of Radicals
|Title||Active-Space Symmetry-Adapted-Cluster Configuration-Interaction and Equation-of-Motion Cluster Methods for High Accuracy Calculations of Potential Energy Surfaces of Radicals|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Ohtsuka, Y, Piecuch, P, Gour, JR, Ehara, M, Nakatsuji, H|
|Journal||The Journal of Chemical Physics|
|Keywords||configuration interactions, coupled cluster calculations, electron attachment, excited states, free radicals, ground states, ionisation, organic compounds, oxygen compounds, potential energy surfaces|
The electron-attached (EA) and ionized (IP) symmetry-adapted-cluster configuration-interaction (SAC-CI) methods and their equation-of-motion coupled-cluster (EOMCC) analogs provide an elegant framework for studying open-shell systems. As shown in this study, these schemes require the presence of higher-order excitations, such as the four-particle-three-hole (4p-3h) or four-hole–three-particle (4h-3p) terms, in the electron attaching or ionizing operator R in order to produce accurate ground- and excited-state potential energy surfaces of radicals along bond breaking coordinates. The full inclusion of the 4p-3h/4h-3p excitations in the EA/IP SAC-CI and EOMCC methods leads to schemes which are far too expensive for calculations involving larger radicals and realistic basis sets. In order to reduce the large costs of such schemes without sacrificing accuracy, the active-space EA/IP EOMCC methodology [ J. R. Gour et al., J. Chem. Phys. 123, 134113 (2005) ] is extended to the EA/IP SAC-CI approaches with 4p-3h/4h-3p excitations. The resulting methods, which use a physically motivated set of active orbitals to pick out the most important 3p-2h/3h-2p and 4p-3h/4h-3p excitations, represent practical computational approaches for high-accuracy calculations of potential energy surfaces of radicals. To illustrate the potential offered by the active-space EA/IP SAC-CI approaches with up to 4p-3h/4h-3p excitations, the results of benchmark calculations for the potential energy surfaces of the low-lying doublet states of CH and OH are presented and compared with other SAC-CI and EOMCC methods, and full CI results.